Why women are twice as likely to suffer from depression
July 1, 2013
UnityPoint Health - Des Moines
Twice as many women as men experience depression and about 1 in 5 women develop depression at some point in their life. According to the Mayo Clinic, there are several factors that may increase women's risk of suffering from depression.
Although depression can occur at any age, it is most commonly seen in women between the ages of 40 and 59. Hormone changes play a role in mood changes and can cause depressed feelings, but do not alone cause depression.
Starting off with puberty, which females typically begin before men, and lasting until after menopause, women go through several bodily changes that men do not and these may be a factor in increased risk for depression. For example, women go through premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and while it is usually not severe, some women do develop premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) because their premenstrual problems lead to disabling symptoms that disrupt their lives.
Also, unlike men, women often go through pregnancy, which causes dramatic hormonal changes and can affect mood. After pregnancy some women have postpartum depression and find themselves with low self-esteem, anxiety, and other similar symptoms. Because women experience all these biological changes that men do not, they may be more likely to become depressed.
Source: Mayo Clinic- Health Information